Uses instructional strategies to promote higher levels of thinking.

What Effective Teachers Will Do

Effective teachers engage students in higher level thinking as they evaluate, form, and defend opinions, classify information, and compare and contrast information while ensuring students have adequate foundational or background knowledge to respond successfully to such thinking and learning activities.

What Effective Teachers Consider

Am I involving all students in class discussions? Are students creating their own questions? What matters to my students? Do the activities we complete enable students to formulate deeper questions?

  • How to Assess Higher-Order Thinking Skills in Your Classroom
    (Susan M. Brookhart, 2010)
  • Oh, yeah?! Putting Argument to Work Both in School and Out
    (Micheal Smith, Jeffrey D. Willhelm and James Fredricksen, 2012)
  • Socratic Circles: Fostering Critical and Creative Thinking in Middle and High School
    (Matt Copeland, 2005)
  • Higher Order Thinking, University of North Carolina, School of Education.
    A definition and explanation of higher order thinking with a link to some teaching strategies.
  • Higher Order Thinking Skills Question Templates,
    Recall, Analysis, Comparison, Inference, and Evaluation templates in a single pdf document.
  • , Rigor and Relevance Handbook, International Center for Leadership in Education.
    A handbook meant to accompany professional develop in in the use of the Rigor and Relevance Framework. The handbook itself contains background material on the framework and can be useful without formal professional development.